For Buyers

Financial Terms Glossary & Tips

Housing financial terms and glossaries can be a great tool for buyers to become more educated on the terminology used in the real estate industry. By understanding key terms such as loan-to-value ratios, mortgage rates, refinance terms and credit scores, buyers are better equipped to make an informed decision that best fits their needs.

White Glove Real Estate Services

Financial Terms & Glossary for Homebuyers and Sellers

When it comes to buying or selling a home, there are a number of financial terms and concepts that you need to be familiar with in order to make the most informed decisions. Here’s an overview of some key terms that all homebuyers and sellers should know about:

Mortgage: A mortgage is money borrowed from a lender and used to buy real estate. Mortgages usually have fixed or variable interest rates and involve monthly payments over a set period of time.

Down Payment: The down payment is the amount of money the buyer puts towards the purchase price of the house, normally consisting of at least 5-20% of the purchase price. It is usually made in cash or from funds from an account.

Closing Costs: Closing costs cover things like title insurance, appraisals, lawyer fees, broker commissions, etc. These are typically split between the buyer and seller in varying proportions depending on local custom.

Equity: Equity is how much ownership a person has in their home after subtracting any outstanding debt on it—essentially, it’s one’s “stake” in the property. It can increase or decrease based on market forces such as inflation and other economic indicators.

Appreciation/Depreciation: Appreciation refers to when a property increases in value due to factors such as market conditions or improvements; depreciation refers to when its value decreases due to age or general economic issues.

Escrow Account: An escrow account is usually set up by buyers when purchasing property so that taxes, insurance premiums, repairs costs can all be paid without further hassle throughout the loan term period.

Mortgage Pre-Approval: Before initiating the buying process, it’s wise to get pre-approved for a mortgage. This will give you an idea of what kind of loan amount you can afford and make it easier to negotiate when making offers.

Home Inspection: During the home buying process, it’s important to have a professional inspection completed on the property in order to check for any potential issues that could increase costs down the road.

Insurance: Homeowners insurance is usually required by lenders, so it’s important to factor in this cost when budgeting for a new home. Additionally, certain kinds of insurance like flood and earthquake coverage may be necessary depending on where your house is located.

Closing Date: Once all conditions are met between buyer and seller, both parties will agree upon a closing date which is typically primed up with local real estate laws. It is generally at this point that funds must change hands and both parties can move forward with the transaction finalized.

Repairs and Renovations: When purchasing a property, it’s important to be aware of any necessary repairs or renovations that may need to be done. This could include anything from replacing appliances to making major structural changes, and should all be factored into the budget.

Taxes: The local government usually levies taxes on the purchase and sale of real estate. Homeowners may also be subject to other taxes related to their property. It’s important to research these ahead of time so you are not hit with unexpected costs down the line.

Moving Costs: Don’t forget about all the expenses associated with moving, such as hiring movers, renting storage units, or getting boxes for packing up belongings. Moving companies can often provide an estimate for services based on the size of your home and how far away you’re going.

Tip for Buyers/Sellers: If you’re a buyer, make sure you have enough cash saved up for closing costs and other miscellaneous fees (e.g., inspection fees) that might come up during the process. And if you’re a seller, don’t forget to factor in commissions due to real estate agents upon the successful completion of the sale!

Tips for Buyers and Sellers

Homebuyers: Make sure to do your research before starting the process. Look into properties within your price range, and compare offers from different lenders for best terms. Keep in mind that most real estate contracts are legally binding documents, so be sure to review all documents carefully before signing.

Sellers: Properly preparing your home for sale is crucial for achieving the best outcome. This could include staging the property, making repairs, or even just sprucing up landscaping. If necessary, consider partnering with an experienced real estate agent who can help maximize your profits and minimize stress during the selling process.

For Both Buyers & Sellers: Be prepared to negotiate if necessary. Be open-minded and take time to carefully consider counteroffers before making any decisions. Additionally, it’s important to have patience throughout the process; while it may feel like a long journey at times, it will eventually pay off in the end!

Research & Read Reviews: Before making any decisions, it’s important to do your due diligence. Research the neighborhood, look up reviews of real estate agents, and read up on best practices for buying or selling a home. This can give you an indication of what to expect and help you make informed decisions.

Get Legal Advice: If you have any questions about the process or documents, it’s best to seek legal advice from an expert. They can help explain any potential risks associated with the purchase/sale, as well as advise on how to structure contracts if needed.

Seek Financial Advice: When dealing with large sums of money, it always pays off to get professional financial advice. A qualified tax attorney or accountant can provide guidance on investments, budgeting strategies, and other financial matters pertaining to real estate purchases/sales.

Consult an Inspector: Before signing a sale/purchase contract, it’s important to have the property inspected. A qualified home inspector can provide an accurate assessment of any potential issues that may not be visible to the naked eye. This could potentially save you from costly repairs down the road.

Conduct a Home Appraisal: It’s wise to appraise your home or prospective purchase before finalizing the transaction. This helps ensure that you’re getting or offering a fair market price for the property.

Pay Attention to Timing: Depending on seasonal factors like holidays, prices may vary widely. Pay attention to external market indicators, such as real estate trends in the local area and nationwide, when deciding when to buy or sell your home.

Look for Special Incentives: Many real estate agents, lenders, and even government bodies offer special incentives for buyers or sellers. Research any potential tax credits, interest rates, or other benefits that could be available to you.

Get Familiar With Financing Options: Before signing any contracts, look into the different types of financing available to you. This can include VA loans, FHA loans, traditional loans, and more. Do your research so that you know which one works best for your particular situation.

Find a Realtor You Trust: When navigating the real estate market, it pays to have a qualified, experienced agent on your side. Take the time to interview several agents until you find one you’re comfortable with who will represent your best interests.


By understanding these key financial terms and concepts associated with buying or selling a home, you’re better equipped to make decisions that benefit your finances!

West BLVD Realty


10221 Slater Ave. #218, Fountain Valley, CA 92708

Phone Number

(562) 537-5924

Business Hours

24/ 7 / 365

Sign up to get latest news & Listings: